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Cattle inventory up slightly, beef cows and calves biggest gain


SD Ag Connection - March 3, 2019

WASHINTON, D.C. - Nationally, all cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2019 totaled 94.8 million head, slightly above the 94.3 million head on January 1, 2018.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 41.1 million head, were 1 percent above the 40.9 million head on January 1, 2018. Beef cows, at 31.8 million head, were up 1 percent from a year ago. The 2018 calf crop in the United States was estimated at 36.4 million head, up 2% from last year's calf crop. Calves born during the first half of 2018 were estimated at 26.6 million head, up 3% from the first half of 2017. Calves born during the second half of 2018 were estimated at 9.80 million head, 27% percent of the total 2018 calf crop.

Milk cows, at 9.35 million head, were down 1 percent from the previous year.

All heifers 500 pounds and over as of January 1, 2019 totaled 20.2 million head, slightly above the 20.2 million head on January 1, 2018. Beef replacement heifers, at 5.92 million head, were down 3 percent from a year ago. Milk replacement heifers, at 4.70 million head, were down 1 percent from the previous year. Other heifers, at 9.60 million head, were 3 percent above a year earlier.

SOUTH DAKOTA
All cattle and calves in South Dakota as of January 1, 2019, totaled 4.05 million head, up 1 percent from January 1, 2018, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.94 million head, up 4 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 1.82 million head, up 4 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 122,000 head, up 3 percent from January 1, 2018.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 975,000 head, down 1 percent from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 730,000 head, unchanged from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 105,000 head, down 5 percent from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 300,000 head, down 3 percent from January 1, 2018.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in South Dakota feedlots totaled 425,000 head, down 10 percent from the previous year.

The 2018 calf crop totaled 1.90 million head, up 3 percent from 2017.

NEBRASKA
In Nebraska, all cattle and calves in South Dakota as of January 1, 2019, totaled 4.05 million head, up 1 percent from January 1, 2018, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.94 million head, up 4 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 1.82 million head, up 4 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 122,000 head, up 3 percent from January 1, 2018.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 975,000 head, down 1 percent from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 730,000 head, unchanged from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 105,000 head, down 5 percent from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 300,000 head, down 3 percent from January 1, 2018.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in South Dakota feedlots totaled 425,000 head, down 10 percent from the previous year.

The 2018 calf crop totaled 1.90 million head, up 3 percent from 2017.

NORTH DAKOTA
All cattle and calves in North Dakota as of January 1, 2019, totaled 1.83 million head, down 2 percent from January 1, 2018, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.

All cows and heifers that had calved totaled 1.00 million head, up 2 percent from last year.

Beef cows totaled 985,000 head, up 2 percent from last year.

Milk cows totaled 15,000 head, down 6 percent from January 1, 2018.

All heifers 500 pounds and over totaled 415,000 head, down 6 percent from last year.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 245,000 head, down 6 percent from last year.

Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over totaled 65,000 head, down 7 percent from last year.

Calves under 500 pounds totaled 105,000 head, down 5 percent from January 1, 2018.

All cattle on feed fed for slaughter in North Dakota feedlots totaled 59,000 head, up 2 percent from the previous year.

The 2018 calf crop totaled 930,000 head, down 3 percent from 2017.

IOWA
In Iowa, all cattle and calves in Iowa as of January 1, 2019, totaled 3.95 million head, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service -- Cattle report. This was down 50,000 head from January 1, 2018. Beef cows, at 950,000 head, were unchanged from last year. Milk cow inventory was also unchanged at 220,000 head.

All heifers 500 pounds and over were down 1 percent to 845,000 head. Heifers for beef cow replacement were down 3 percent from 2018 to 160,000 head; heifers for milk cow replacement, at 125,000 head, were down 7 percent from the previous year; and all other heifers were up 2 percent to 560,000 head.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over were down 2 percent from last year at 1.36 million head. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over remained at 70,000 head. Calves under 500 pounds on January 1, 2019, totaled 505,000 head, down 3 percent from last year.

The 2018 calf crop was estimated at 1.11 million head, up 2 percent from the 2017 calf crop. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1, 2018, totaled 1.32 million head, up 2 percent from one year ago.




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